EuroLinux Desktop 9.0 ‘is a modern operating system that combines the aesthetic and functionality of Windows® and macOS® with the reliability and security of Enterprise Linux distributions.‘ I tested EuroLinux 8.5 back in March of this year, and liked it well enough then to place it on the Karmi’s Top 10++ Linux Distros page; however, this new EuroLinux 9.0 Desktop (Sarajevo) has moved from the 4.18 Linux Kernel to a 5.14 Kernel. This has been the easiest (for me) of the RedHat-based 9.0 releases to install, ‘Tweak‘, and test.
EuroLinux Desktop is designed for individuals and organizations that use Windows® or macOS® daily and are looking for a stable operating system that maintains the aesthetic of the Microsoft® and Apple® solutions and is covered by long-term technical support. EuroLinux Desktop is the answer to the needs of public administration, the financial sector, educational institutions, as well as private users who value software security.
Install EuroLinux Desktop
Download the 6.77GB free ELD-9-x86_64-latest.iso from here: Download EuroLinux Desktop
This one is quicker – *NOTE* – Don’t click the following link until you’re ready to download: Latest ISO download
I used Fedora Media Writer to create the bootable installation media this time, but used balenaEtcher last time for EuroLinux 8.5.
Installation was controlled by the Anaconda (installer), and went fast ‘n easy. GNOME is the default Workstation software choice, but KDE Plasma can be installed later. However, they have made GNOME incredibly easy to work wid, the desktop setup has a Windows ‘Feel‘ to it, and the only thing I didn’t like about the way they set GNOME up was the power off button on the bottom right (more on that later).
Windows users who have never used the Anaconda installer can see how to delete & reclaim the Target disk space here: #1 & #2. That is possibly the most difficult choice for new users of the Anaconda installer. Oh, use an Ethernet connection if possible. EuroLinux also requires a standard user to be created (at some point), so just be sure to create a “Root Password” and then you won’t be bothered by annoying “Authenticate” popups later on after installation.
There is a login window when booting to the OS, so select the “Not Listed?” option, enter root as username, and then enter the root’s password.
‘Tweaking‘ EuroLinux Desktop
I am a ‘Fulltime Linux Root User‘ on all my computers so, as mentioned above, I choose the “Not Listed?” option, enter root as username, and then enter the root’s password at the login window instead of the created standard user.
I had the system fully updated before making any changes or additions. Updated Gnome Software, and also made sure dnf & yum were up-to-date.
Knowing that I wanted to add the NVIDIA drivers for my GeForce GTX 1660 I then added the RPM Fusion free & nonfree repositories. Next, I installed EPEL repository.
Command Line Setup for RPM Fusion Free & non-Free:
sudo dnf install –nogpgcheck https://mirrors.rpmfusion.org/free/el/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %rhel).noarch.rpm https://mirrors.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/el/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %rhel).noarch.rpm
Command Line Setup for EPEL:
sudo dnf install –nogpgcheck https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-$(rpm -E %rhel).noarch.rpm
Here’s a pic, in reverse of how I have them:
My first attempt at installing EuroLinux had problems because release 9.0 has different requirements than release 8.5 had, so I had to experiment until I found the correct methods of installing RPM Fusions repos…also, EPEL seemed to have different requirements than the last time (?). I have a bunch of links on how to set those up in order to get RPM’s free & nonfree right for installing the Nvidia driver. When I finally found the correct method/s I just started over wid a clean install…Thusly, the command lines above were needed for this post. 👍
Once the RPM Fusion’s free & nonfree were setup right, I then used Step 4 in this LINK to install the Nvidia driver. My command line was – dnf install akmod-nvidia – for the 1660 card. Then a reboot ‘n had this:
NVIDIA Driver 510.68.02.
Installed a few more apps and grabbed this great Gnome DE:
That transparent panel is called the “Favorites” area and the apps/icons are easily moved around on it. Only thing I didn’t like was the power off button on the right.
Here’s the About:
That didn’t show the kernel so I added perl & inxi:
Everything was working great, and I almost didn’t want to mess wid that ‘Windows Looking‘ desktop! I can see newbie Windows users liking GNOME offered in this way…yes indeed! 😁
Adding KDE Plasma DE
I had problems installing the Nvidia driver on release 8.5 review when I had waited until adding KDE Plasma before trying to install the driver. Now I just go ahead ‘n install as much as I want on the default Gnome DE first. OK…all set to add KDE Plasma now!
How to Install KDE Plasma Desktop on CentOS 8 Stream is the method I used. I’m no expert, so this is how I go about installing & testing Linuxes, i.e., lots of experimenting & Tinkering are required even after I find some How-to links to save. Then those old links become older ‘n more Tinkering is needed. 😉 Remember, I am root, so no su or sudo is needed for me…add them to the following commands if you are standard ‘Password Dependent‘ user (suks to be you, huh!). I’m doing the command lines that worked for me…refer to the link if you need to:
dnf upgrade —refresh -y (that‘s a double-dash before refresh, like – – but WP usually shows it as one long dash)
dnf install epel-release -y (it may say already installed and “nothing to do” which is OK)
dnf –enablerepo=epel group (again, another double-dash before enablerepo)
- NOTE: their sudo dnf config-manager –set-enabled powertools command didn’t do anything for me. There is also another command similar to that, but it also didn’t work. I just skipped it, and KDE installed anyway without it.
dnf group list (there you will see the “Available” KDE Plasma you’ll use)
dnf groupinstall “KDE Plasma Workspaces” “base-x” (type y when asked, then hit enter)
- NOTE: You may or may not be prompted to import the GPG key for the EPEL repository during the installation. Since I had already installed EPEL, it did not prompt me for that key. If you are prompted, then type y then hit enter.
echo “exec /usr/bin/startkde” >> ~/.xinitrc
systemctl set-default graphical
Now you can reboot. Refer to the LINK when you have questions.
When you reach the Login window, enter root or click standard user, then look for the ‘Wheel‘ thingie in lower right hand corner…something like this:
Open it and select Plasma (Wayland). If that doesn’t work, then select Plasma (X11), and then enter password ‘n boot into desktop. Plasma (Wayland) didn’t work for me.
Set up the Panel the way you want…check the KDE Plasma – ‘Newb TidBits‘ page if you are new to KDE Plasma.
I now Pin apps to Task Manager instead of adding them to the Panel…at least on most Distros.
Here’s the new KDE desktop:
Only thing I had to add/change was the Spectacle screen shot utility…KDE Plasma doesn’t like the Gnome Screenshot utility.
Will have to move EuroLinux Desktop 9.0 up a tad, and pull 8.5 off the Karmi’s Top 10++ Linux Distros page. May need to make a separate Tier for the RHEL-bases OSes…I dunno yet!? 😉
- The way they have offered the GNOME desktop is most excellent ‘n definitely caught my eye!
Will add this post to the Distros w/ *NO* “Authenticate” popup or other ‘Pesky Passwords’ & the RHEL-based pages.
Excellent job by the Developers! They have also made sure to include Windows users in their designs of this Desktop…big plus IMHO.
LINUX IS LIKE A BOX OF CHOCOLATES – you never know what you’re gonna get!